EVENING PRIMROSE

                                                                                             Oenothera glazioviana
A sedative & an astringent effects are present in various parts of the evening primrose herb, such as the flowers, the leaves & the bark on the stem.
Disorders such as the whooping cough have been treated using all three parts of the plant.
Conditions such as digestive problems & asthma can also be treated using the herbal remedies made from the evening primrose plant.
Evening primrose reduces or eliminates many problems associated with PMS, including irritability, depression, bloating & breast pain & taken regularly it may actually help regulate menstrual periods.
Evening primrose has been used in alternative medicine as an aid in treating heart disease, high cholesterol, circulation problems, endometriosis, eczema, psoriasis, acne, osteoporosis & multiple sclerosis.
It has also been used in cancer, Alzheimer's disease, asthma, diabetes, hyperactivity & stomach or intestinal disorders.

Evening primrose oil is the oil from the seed of the evening primrose plant. Evening primrose oil is used for skin disorders such as eczema, psoriasis & acne.
It is also used for rheumatoid arthritis, osteoporosis, Raynaud’s syndrome, multiple sclerosis , Sjogren’s syndrome, cancer, high cholesterol, heart disease, a movement disorder in children called dyspraxia, leg pain due to blocked blood vessels , alcoholism, Alzheimer’s disease & schizophrenia.
Some people use evening primrose oil for chronic fatigue syndrome, nerve damage related to diabetes, an itching disorder called neurodermatitis, hyperactivity in children & attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder , obesity & weight loss, whooping cough & gastrointestinal disorders including ulcerative colitis, irritable bowel syndrome & peptic ulcer disease.
Other problems for which evening primrose oil can be taken internally include asthma, allergies, cholesterol regulation, arteriosclerosis, chronic headaches, prostate health, inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis, lupus & scleroderma, complications arising from diabetes & poor circulation, cirrhosis of the liver.
Women use evening primrose oil in pregnancy for preventing high blood pressure, shortening labor, starting labor & preventing late deliveries
External skin problems such as eczema & some other skin conditions with symptomatic itching & problems such as breast tenderness can be treated using topical application of the herbal evening primrose oil.
Elevations in the blood pressure of the patient can be treated by making the person consume the herbal evening primrose oil, at the same time, this oil is also used in the prevention of clumping in the platelets within the blood during internal hemorrhage & injuries.

Boil a sturdy taproot of evening primrose with a root of either field mint or self-heal  in 1 l of water until the liquid is reduced by half.
Hemorrhoid sufferers can drink a cup of this decoction twice daily & also use it as an external wash.

Poultice the root on hemorrhoids & drink a root tea to reduce weight.
Soak the entire plant in water, which then can be applied to bruises.
The evening primrose herb is also used in the preparation of an herbal poultice which is used extensively in the treatment & easing of the discomfort related to rheumatic disorders affecting patients. 
Drunk as a tea as a metabolic way to fight obesity.

PRECAUTIONS:

In clinical studies, only a few cases of abdominal discomfort, nausea & headache were reported by patients taking the herb for long periods.
Evening primrose oil may produce allergic skin reactions in some sensitive individuals; some people even report that these supplements caused their acne to flare up.
People taking drugs to treat schizophrenia should not take evening primrose supplements because they may interact with these drugs in a way that increases the risk of seizure & may cause difficulty breathing.
There is a concern that evening primrose oil might increase the chance of bruising & bleeding.Don’t use it if you have a bleeding disorder.
If you have a history of seizure, avoid using it.
Evening primrose oil might increase the chance of bleeding during or after surgery. Stop using it at least 2 weeks before a scheduled surgery.

RECIPES:

Eating the flowers, seeds, leaves, or roots of evening primrose provides the same health benefits as taking commercial oil preparations.
The leaves can be cooked & eaten as greens.
The roots can be boiled like potatoes & allegedly taste like sweet parsnips.
The flowers are sweet & can be used in salads or as a pretty garnish.

Roasted seeds: 

Rotate & press dry seed capsules to release seed, roast in oven for 15 - 20 min. at 250C.
Use on bread or in salad, sprinkle over any dish like pepper.

Infusion: 

Steep 2 tsp flowers (or herb & flowers) in 1/2 cup water.
Take 1 cup a day.
Make fresh each time.
The flowers of the evening primrose can be made into an herbal infusion for the treatment of headaches, to quell chills during fevers, to treat head colds & accumulated mucus - dosage of the herbal infusion is usually done by taking the infusion in small sips.

A topical compress can be prepared by using the heated infusion, a pad can be soaked in hot herbal infusion & this can be applied directly on to the facial or trigeminal nerves in treatment of neuralgia & other topical disorders.
The flowers of the evening primrose can be used in the preparation of a topical herbal ointment which can be used in the treatment of sunburn and different skin disorders affecting patients.

Decoction: 

Boil 2 tsp rootstock in 1 cup water.
The evening primrose root can be used in the preparation of an herbal decoction which is used in the treatment of accumulated phlegm during stubborn coughs & congestion problems in the chest area, this herbal decoction is especially useful in the treatment of chronic bronchitis in patients.
The decoction is also believed to be capable of inducing relief from the symptoms of arthritis & long term rheumatism - & it is used by such patients as a pain relief agent.
The root decoction of the evening primrose are soaked up in a pad, this pad is used as a compress for direct application along painful arthritic joints & this is a very effective treatment for such disorders in patients.

Oil:

3/4 cup evening primrose flowers
1 cup olive oil

Dry the flower petals for 1 week & gently shred.
Add the olive oil.
Macerate for 1 month, away from light; shake occasionally.
Strain.
This oil promotes scarring & hydrates. It should be used in small quantities to treat sores, wrinkles & dry skin.


BEAUTY:

Externally, the leaves, stems & roots can be boiled in water for a tea that is very nourishing for the skin & is effective for use in treatment of acne, dry skin, rashes, itchiness & for overall skin health in general.

Anti-Cellulite Tincture:

1 tbsp apple cider vinegar
1 tsp evening primrose oil
2 tsp brewed coffee
1 bag of each of the following teas, rooibos, white tea, green tea, black tea
2 tbsp rosemary, parsley & any seaweed.

Place teabags in a pot with 6 cups of water & simmer until it reduces to half the amount of liquid.
Let cool, then add apple cider vinegar,coffee & evening primrose oil.
Make some of the liquid into ice cubes for use in the ice-heat treatment & retain the rest in the refrigerator.

MAGIC:

Use the whole plant as a tea for the bath to make your inner beauty show through & increase your desirably to potential lovers & friends.
Evening primrose is also used in magic related to hunting & success in achieving one's goals.

Try it in a spell to increase your luck in finding a new job.

Burn dried primrose flowers or ground primrose root for protection & for the enhancement or attainment of extrasensory abilities. 
Because it is believed to be a protective herb, planting primrose around one's household is also traditionally believed to protect the homestead from ill-fortune, sickness & discord.
A household where primroses grow is said to be favored by & blessed by the little folk, especially by Fae. 
Dried flowers can be sewn into pillows to promote restful sleep devoid of nightmares, as well as to enhance the harmony & loyalty of each family member.




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